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Information about Mozambique

Official name

Republic of Mozambique

Area

799 380 Km2

Population

25,8 million

Official language

Portuguese, but many other native dialects are spoken (Makua-Lomwe, Tsonga e Sena-Nyanja)

Capital

Maputo

Administrative division

Regarding its administration, Mozambique is divided in 11 Provinces, 150 Districts, 405 Administrative Post and Localities, the lowest level of State representation. The Mozambican provinces are (by geographical order, North to South): NiassaCabo DelgadoNampulaZambéziaTeteManica, SofalaInhambaneGazaMaputo Cidade de Maputo .

Location

Mozambique is the 34th largest country in the world in territorial area, being comparable, in size, to Trueky. It’s located in the SouthEast coast of Africa.

Climate

The country’s climate is humid and tropical, influenced by the Indian Ocean’s monsoon regime and by the warm streams of the Mozambique channel, with dry seasons in May and September. The average temperatures in Mozambique vary betweem 13-24ºC in July and 22-31ºC in February. The rain season takes place between October and April.

Time zone

Central Africal Time Zone:
UTC+02:00

Neighbours

Suaziland to the South; South Africa to the Southwest; Zimbabwe to the West, Zambia and Malawi to the Northwest; Tanzania to the North and the Indian Ocean to the East.

Geography

To the North of Zambeze river, the territory is dominated by a great plateau, with a small shore plain bordered by coral reefs and, in the interior, limited by mountainous areas belonging to the Great East African Rift Valley. To the South, it is characterized by a large coastal plain of alluvium, covered by savannas and cut by the valleys of the several rivers, like river Limpolo.

Mineral resources/wealth
Resources
Coal, natural gas, gold, titanium, non-metallic minerals, among others.
Important cities

Maputo: 2 million
Nampula: 597 thousand
Beira: 442 thousand
Chimoio: 280 thousand
Nacala: 235 thousand
Quelimane: 216 thousand
Tete: 188 thousand

Demography

25,8 million inhabitants

Main religion

Around half of the Mozambican population professes African traditional religions. The other represented religions are mainly Christianity (mainly Catholic) and Islam.

GDP

Total: 15 billion €
Per capita: 1,124 €

Currency

Metical (MZN)
1 Euro = 47,35 MZN

Emergency telephone numbers

Fire Department: 198
Police: 112 ou 119

Constitution

Constitution of the Republic of Mozambique

The political system
Presidential Republic
President

Filipe Nyusi

Prime Minister

Carlos Agostinho do Rosário

The Legislature

Republic’s Assembly with 250 seats

The Executive

President, Prime-Minister e Counsel of Ministers

The judicial branch

Supreme Court, Provincial Court, City Judicial Court

Foreign Policy

Participation in International Organizations:
*African Development Bank
*Islamic Development Bank
*Organization of the United Nations
*World Trade Organization
*British Commonwealth
*Southern Africa Development Community
*African Union
*Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries

Road Transport:

Mozambique has one of the least developed Transport Infrastructures of Southern Africa; the road density is estimated to be of 0,05 kilometers per square kilometer. The classified road system, with 30.000 km, of which less than 20% are tarmac (5,649 km), is in good and equal condition in ca. 67% of its total lenght. However, it currently offers access to 32% of the population – those who live less than two kilometers from any road. The Road Sector is, in fact, considered as the backbone of transportation in Mozambique, in terms of physically achieving the wide unification of the country in the consolidation process of an area of ca. 800,000 square kilometers, in terms of socio-economic development, in terms of developing the economic attraction for the country’s transit routes, and, recently, for the touristic development.

Detailed Road Map of Mozambique
Distance between cities:
Maputo – Nampula (2000 km)
Maputo – Inhambane (470 km)
Maputo – Manica (1200 km)

 

Railroad transport

The railroad network amounts to a total of 3,123 km, with extensive connections currently being renovated.

 

Air Transport

The country has 22 airports, among which 4 have landing strips with over 2.438 km in length.

Mozambique is regarded as a success case among African economies and has been having a more and more determinant role in the context of Southern Africa, especially taking into consideration its potential as energy supplier to the region. Benefiting from a strategic location, the country is considered an entry platform in the SADC market (Southern African Development Comunity), which aggregates over 280 million consumers.

Possessing abundant mineral resources (among which the most important are its hydroelectric potential, natural gas reserves, coal and minerals – like titanium, tantalum and graphite, among others), Mozambique has around 2,500 km of shore with countless fishing resources, which constitute the main source of exports until the aluminium industry is sufficiently developed.

The sectorial of the Mozambican economy is relatively diversified. The Services Sector has a predominant importance, contributing with 47.1% of the country’s GDP in 2015, despite being responsible for just 13% of the employment. The Agricultural Sector, responsible for 28.9% of the GDP, employs 81% of the active workforce and the Industrial Sector, representing 24% of the GDP, employs only 6% of the working population. However, taking into consideration the vast available natural resources, particularly coal and natural gas (placing Mozambique, potentially, among the world’s top energy suppliers), and the investment projects already ongoing or already contracted, it’s expected that the industrial sector gains a greater importance for the country’s GDP (in 2014, it grew by 9%).

In the last years, the Mozambican economy has revealed a robustness worth emphasizing, sustaining high levels of economic growth (average annual growth of 7% in the last decade), which places the country on a good path to achieve high living standards (generally, the development indicators improved in recent years, with poverty rate falling from 67% in 1997 to 52% in 2009). In 2008, despite the effects of the increase in international oil prices and food items, as well as the impact of the international crisis, the GDP grew by 6.8%. The repercussions of the global economic crisis led to a economic slowdown in 2009, with a GDP growth of 6.3%. Between 2010 and 2014, GDP grew at an annual average rate  of 7,1%, supported by the dynamic of several mega projects (aluminium, electric energy, natural gas, titanium and coal), by the growth of the agricultural sector (benefiting from favorable atmospheric conditions and the emphasis that has been given to the investment and sector reorganization) and by the construction of basic infrastructure.

AICEP Portugal Global

The tourism in Mozambique is gradually achieving its great potential in the national economic, consequence of the investment throughout previous years. The country has been investing in tourism, especially tourism focused on the country’s biodiversity and nature conservation projects and for a sustainable economic growth. The Mozambican Government has been attributing growing importance to this activity, since it’s a relevant sector for the country’s economic development, due to its ability to create jobs, promoting infrastructure construction, push forth the development of local economies and generate foreign exchange. It’s worth noting that the tourism’s contribution for the GDP is just 2.1% (2011 data). The geographical location and the country’s natural beauty place it in a privileged and competitive situation in the African touristic market. However, the complete development of this sector faces some hindrances, namely deficiencies at the level of transport, sanitation and water supply  infrastructures, in addition to high travel prices, making Mozambique not accessible enough to European and Western markets.

Regarding the hotel business, Mozambique has been having a considerable growth, particularly in luxury and first class hotels. According to data from the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Mozambique has 1.435 hotels and similar establishments. According to the UNWTO, in 2013 Mozambique welcomed ca. 2 million tourists, which represents a y-y decrease of 10.7%.

Regarding the revenues generated by the touristic activity, data from 2013 show a decrease of 3.6% in comparison to the previous year, in a total of 241 million USD. Around 72% of tourists visiting Mozambique come from the African continent (South Africa with 44.4% of the total and Malawi with 12% as the main origins of African tourists). Europe represents 20% of the total of tourists, with Portugal and the UK as the main origins (3.9% and 2.6%, respectively).

AICEP Portugal Global